Child Dental Treatment

Fissure Sealants

Fissure sealants are used for preventing decay of teeth in young people, or reducing possibility of decay of teeth, Dentist will seal pits and fissure of teeth by simply applying special material on teeth without cutting or grinding those teeth. Fissure sealants are applied commonly on permanent teeth but can be used on milky teeth too.

What is fissure sealant?

This is made from special type of resin. They are tooth color material. When parents ask their dentists what are the best ways to prevent their children from getting cavities, dentists often respond sealant. These act as a barrier between bacteria (the cause of decay) and the enamel on your teeth.

Is sealant application a complicated procedure?

It takes few minutes to apply sealant. First of all the teeth will be cleaned and etched by chemical to clean the pits and fissures to allowing sealants to bond with the teeth. This is done on the part of the tooth with grooves and pits. Vulnerable to food stuck is made roughened with acid solution so that sealant can adhere to the tooth surface. Then a sealant solution is applied which in few minutes gets hardened or sometimes it needs to apply light by which it gets hardened.

It is painless procedure and no local anesthesia needed.

Sealed Fissure
Deep Fissure
As long as sealants remain attached to the tooth surface, it protect the tooth surface from normally holds the force of chewing. During regular dental visit your dentist will check it and reapply if at all necessary.

Sealants are just for kids?

The likelihood of developing pit and fissure decay begins early in life, so children and teenagers are suitable candidates. Food debris can accumulate easily in these grooves, and bacteria can soon begin to form. Children aged between 4 and 17 are most at risk for this problem with pits and sfissures. Because pit & fissure are deeper and tends to hold more food particles in newly erupted permanent teeth. But adults can benefit from sealants as well.

How Long do Sealants Last?

The amount of time your sealant can last can vary from person to person. Generally, a period of 3 to 5 years is considered successful.While sealant itself can last for many years, you may need to get it checked regularly and replace it in case of wearing out. Remember that a dental sealant is effective only as long as it is fully intact.

When should my child get dental sealants?

First permanent grinder teeth erupt into the mouth at about age 6 years. Placing sealants on these teeth shortly after they erupt protects them from developing caries in areas of the teeth where food and bacteria collect.

Second permanent grinder erupt into the mouth at about age 12 years. Pit and fissure surfaces of these teeth are as susceptible to dental caries as the first permanent molars of younger children. Therefore, young teens need to receive dental sealants shortly after the eruption of their second permanent grinder.

Why are metal crowns needed for children?

Due to frequent eating habits Cavities develop for the most part, due to the eating and brushing habits of children. When cavities become large, metal caps for baby teeth become the preference dental restoration. These crowns come in pre-fit sizes and shapes and are placed to protect the underlying tooth structure.
Sealed Fissure
Deep Fissure

Primary teeth are important for several reasons:

  • Chewing food
  • Allowing speech to develop normally
  • Maintaining spaces for the permanent teeth
  • Guiding the permanent teeth into position
Removing decay and shaping the tooth first, carious lesion will be removed by dentist. Then the tooth is reduced from all around the surface. Then crown is fitted with adhesive cement.